Research interests:

Language ideology
Language and identity
Language and ethnicity
Language and education

I am primarily interested in how ideologies of language interact with the formation and negotiation of ethnic and national identities. I examine how these processes are mediated through the education system, and the implications in terms of social stratification and inequality. One strand of this research concerns identity among South Asian students in Hong Kong. More recently I have been investigating how discourses of language threat and revival may be used to underpin nationalist movements, particularly in Kazakhstan and Mongolia.