Research interests:

Language ideology
Language and identity
Language and ethnicity
Language and education

I am primarily interested in how ideologies of language interact with the formation and negotiation of ethnic and national identities. I examine how these processes are mediated through the education system, and the implications in terms of social stratification and inequality. I have pursued these interests in two main strands. One concerns identity among South Asian students in Hong Kong. More recently I have been investigating how discourses of language revival may be used to underpin nationalist movements, in Kazakhstan, Mongolia and Catalonia.